Each file is associated with a signature, which is a number or string that changes if the file has changed. Makepp compares signatures to see whether it needs to rebuild anything. The default signature for files is the file's modification time, unless you're executing a C/C++ compilation command, in which case the default signature is a cryptographic checksum on the file's contents, ignoring comments and whitespace. If you want, you can switch to a different method, or you can define your own signature functions.
In addition to the file's signature, it is also possible to control how makepp
compares these signature values. For example, the
requires that file signatures be exactly the same as on the last build,
target_newer method only requires that all dependencies be
older than the target.
If makepp is building a file, and you don't think it should be, you might want
to check the build log (
.makepp_log). Makepp writes an explanation of what
it thought each file depended on, and why it chose to rebuild.
At present, there are four signature checking methods included in
makepp. Usually, makepp picks the most appropriate signature method
automatically. However, you can change the signature method for an
individual rule by using
:signature modifier on the rule (see
makepp_rules/signature), or for all rules in a makefile by using the
signature statement (see makepp_statements/signature, or for all
makefiles at once using the
--signature-method command line
option (see makepp_command/-m).
Makepp stores all the signature information and the build command from the last build, so that it can do these comparisons. (All the stored information is in the subdirectory .makepp of each directory.)
This is makepp's default algorithm unless it is trying to rebuild a makefile or compile C/C++ code. This is a highly reliable way of ensuring correct builds, and is almost always what you want. However, it does have a few side effects that may be surprising:
.makepp, or don't copy it when you copy everything else), then a rebuild is triggered.
If you replace a file with an older version, a rebuild is triggered. This is normally what you want, but it might be surprising.
lexprogram won't compile on linux (or at least this used to be true the last time I tried it).
This is makepp's default algorithm if it is trying to build the makefile before reading it in. (It loads the makefile and checks for a rule within the makefile to rebuild itself, and if such a rule is present and the makefile needs rebuilding, it is rebuild and then reread.) This is because it is common to modify a makefile using commands that are not under the control of makepp, e.g., running a configure procedure. Thus makepp doesn't insist that the last modification to the makefile be made by itself.
target_newer compared to
exact_match has the following
exact_match, except that instead of using the file date as the signature, an MD5 checksum of the files contents is used. This means that if you change the date on the file but don't change its contents, makepp won't try to rebuild anything that depends on it.
This is particularly useful if you have some file which is often
regenerated during the build process that other files depend on, but
which usually doesn't change. If you use the
md5 signature checking
method, makepp will realize that the file's contents haven't changed
even if the file's date has changed. (Of course, this won't help if the
files have a timestamp written inside of them, as archive files do for
For C/C++ source code, you should use
c_compilation_md5 instead since
it achieves the same thing but in a more powerful way.
exact_match, except that signatures for files which look like C or C++ source files are computed by an MD5 checksum of the file, ignoring comments and whitespace. (Technically, comments are replaced by a single space, and multiple whitespace characters are collapsed to a single space, before computing the MD5 checksum.) Ordinary file times are still used for signatures for object files, and any other files that don't have an extension typical of a C or C++ source file. (A file is considered to be source code if it has an extension of
moc, or upper case versions of these.) If you use this, you can reindent your code or add or change comments without triggering a rebuild.
This method is particularly useful for the following situations:
%.h %.cxx: %.qtdlg $(HLIB)/Qt/qt_dialog_generator $(HLIB)/Qt/qt_dialog_generator $(input)
However, most of the time when the input file changes, the resulting
.h file contents are unchanged (except for a comment about the build
time written by the preprocessor), although its date will change. This
could trigger unnecessary rebuilds of many modules without this kind of
cryptographic signature checking.
This is the default signature method for C or C++ compilation. It
overrides any default specified with the
command line option, but is overridden by any signature method specified
signature</a statement or the
:signature rule modifier.
Makepp determines that you are doing a C/C++ compilation if it
recognizes your command line as an invocation of a C/C++ compiler (see
Signature.pmin the distribution, and also at the existing signature algorithms in